Pávai István honlapja

Második, bővített megjelenés:

Etnonimek a moldvai magyar anyanyelvű katolikusok megnevezésére
In: Csángósors. Moldvai csángók a változó időben. Szerkesztette Pozsony Ferenc.
Budapest, Teleki László Alapítvány, 1999. 69–82.

 

Kissé eltérő első megjelenés:

A moldvai magyarok megnevezései

Regio. Kisebbségi Szemle 6, Teleki László Alapítvány, Budapest, 1995/4. 149–164.

 

Teljes szöveg - Hivatkozások


István PÁVAI

DESIGINATIONS OF HUNGARIANS OF MOLDOVA

Historical data prove that a polulation of Hungarian origin has also been living east of the Carpathians for centuries, in the territory which is Romania's Moldova province today. Nowadays, most of them have lost their Hungarian mother-tongue, but managed to preserve their Roman Catholic faith and partially the awareness of their ethnic origin. Nevertheless, the number of those whose mother-tongue is Hungarian, still amount to several ten thousands. Both the Romanian and Hungarian scholarly literature and especially the press related to this literature, often simplify and consider the Catholics in Moldova either exclusively Romanians or Hungarians. Another view, which considers the confusion in identity orginating from bilingualism and the unwillingness to confess ethnic identity as the most significant characteristic of this ethnic group, contains only a part of the truth. According to the author, the question is much more complex and very differentiated in case of each village and each individuls. ln order to prove this, he examines the ethnonyms, including peasant nicknames, which have been used to designate this ethnic group. He makes a thematic classification of the statements of informants belonging to a certain ethnic group on the basis of what ethnic designations are used to depict this ethnic group by its Romanian, Hungarian and Romanian environment or by themselves, how long these names have been used, what meanings are attributed to these them, which of them are interpreted as a nicknames and which of them are accepted and which are refused. The picture resulting from this analysis is much more elaborate. To refine this picture even further, the author proposes that a computerized data-base be set up, in which pans of interviews with the informants on their identity could be processed by using a methodology similar to his method.